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Настоящее перфектное и перфектно-продолженное

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Таблица сравнения Настоящего перфектного (Present Perfect) и настоящего перфектно-продолженного (Present Perfect-Continuous) времен

Настоящее перфектное (Present Perfect) Настоящее перфектно-продолженное (Present Perfect-Continuous)
Have/has + V-ed (III ф.гл.) Have/has + been + V-ing
1. Опыт (ever, never, many times, once, twice, three times, how many times)

  • Have you ever been to Rome?
  • I’ve never been to Rome.
  • I‘ve been to Rome many times.

 

2. Недавно-результат (что сделал?) (yet, just, already)

  • Who has broken my favourite vase?
  • He’s broken his leg and can’t go to work.
  • I’ve just cleaned the floor, it’s wet.
  • Have you done your homework yet?
  • I haven’t done my homework yet.
  • I’ve already done my homework.

 

1. «Следы на лице» (что делал?)

  • A: Your skin is red. What have you been doing? -B: I‘ve been sunbathing.
  • A: You look exhausted. – B: I‘ve been shopping all day.
3. Действие началось в прошлом, длилось и не закончилось (for, since, how long, always, recently, lately, for ages) 

a) с глаголами состояния (like, have, need, want, think, believe, see и др.)

  • I’ve known Kate for 10 years.
  • I’ve always liked swimming.
  • I’ve had this phone for a year.

 

b) рутинные глаголы длительного действия (live, work, study, smoke и др.)

 

  • I’ve lived in Moscow for 10 years.
  • I’ve studied here since 2000.
  • He has smoked for ages.
  • I’ve worked as a teacher since graduation.
2. Действие началось в прошлом, длилось и не закончилось (for, since, how long, always, recently, lately, for ages) со всеми глаголами, кроме глаголов состояния

 

  • I‘ve been waiting for you for an hour.
  • I‘ve been staying in this hotel for 3 days.
  • I haven’t been sleeping well recently.
  • We‘ve been playing football for half a day.
  • It‘s been raining all day long.
  • I’ve been living in Moscow for 10 years.
  • I’ve been studying here since 2000.
  • He has been smoking for ages.
  • I’ve been working as a teacher since graduation.

 

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